We return with key facts about diabetes you need to know.
Diabetes is described as a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces, leading to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood.
The United Nations established that 100 years after the discovery of insulin, millions of people with diabetes around the world cannot access the care they need.
People with diabetes require ongoing care and support to manage their condition and avoid complications.
Below are key facts about diabetes:
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes, previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabete, is characterised by a lack of insulin production.
Type 2 diabetes, formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes, is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
Gestational diabetes is hyperglycemia that is first recognised during pregnancy.
According to the United Nations, about 460 million people are living with diabetes and millions more at risk.
Globally, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980. The global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7% to 8.5% in the adult population. This reflects an increase in associated risk factors such as being overweight or obese.
Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low and middle-income countries than in high-income countries.
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation.
Healthy diet, physical activity and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with medication, regular screening and treatment for complications.