Nigeria Now Sixth Most Populous Country With 216million

0
87

Nigeria Now Sixth Most Populous Country With 216million

According to reports, Nigeria is now sixth most populous country with 216million.

Nigeria is home to 2.7 percent of the global population with 216 million projected people, according to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

The UN agency said this in its latest World Population Prospects 2022, released yesterday to mark the World Population Day.

It added that the global population has reached an estimated 8 billion.

According to the report, more than half of the projected population is concentrated in just eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania.

It claimed that India would surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023.

The global population is growing at its slowest rate since 1950, having fallen under 1 per cent in 2020. The latest projections by the United Nations suggest that the world’s population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050. It is projected to reach a peak of around 10.4 billion people during the 2080s and to remain at that level until 2100.

The report also states that fertility has fallen markedly in recent decades for many countries.

“Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman, roughly the level required for zero growth in the long run for a population with low mortality.

“The populations of 61 countries or areas are projected to decrease by 1 percent or more between 2022 and 2050, owing to sustained low levels of fertility and, in some cases, elevated rates of emigration,” the report reads.

“More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania.

“Countries of sub-Saharan Africa are expected to contribute more than half of the increase anticipated through 2050.”

Reacting to the report, António Guterres, UN secretary-general, said, “This year’s World Population Day falls during a milestone year when we anticipate the birth of the earth’s eight billionth inhabitant. This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognise our common humanity, and marvel at advancements in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates.

“At the same time, it is a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet and a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments.”

But, UNFPA in Nigeria is set to celebrate and drive conversations related to population, demographics, sexual and reproductive health, among others, as the world’s population hits eight billion.

The Media Associate of the Fund in Nigeria, Hajiya Kori Habib, made this known in a statement issued in Abuja ahead of the global population milestone day, describing the feat as “a world of infinite possibilities”.

She quoted the World Population Prospects 2022 as indicating: “Asia and Africa drove much of that growth, expected to drive the next billion in 2037, while Europe’s contribution will be negative due to declining population.

“India, the largest contributor to the eight billion (177 million) will surpass China, the second largest contributor (73 million), while China in the next billion will be negative as the world’s most populous nation by 2023.

“Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa, has a consistently high population growth rate.”

Habib added that the populations of 61 countries were projected to decrease by one per cent or more between 2022 and 2050 owing to sustained low levels of fertility and in some cases, elevated rates of emigration.

She stated that lower-middle income and low-income countries contributed the majority of the eight billion world population milestone.

In the same vein, upper-middle income and high-income countries whose population will be driven by international migration in the coming decades contributed about 250 million.

Habib said that some countries saw reduced births due to COVID-19.