Key Facts About Diabetes You Should Know
Here are the ten (10) key facts about diabetes you should know, Tribuneonlineng writes.
What are the key points of diabetes?
With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
The 5 Most Surprising Facts About Diabetes
* Diabetes is a Leading Cause of Blindness Worldwide.
* Adults with Diabetes Are Twice as Likely to Die from Heart Disease or Stroke.
* Millions of Americans Have Type 1 Diabetes.
* Many Early Symptoms of Diabetes Are Too Mild to Notice.
* Half of All Those with Diabetes Are Undiagnosed.
Diabetes mellitus, popularly called Diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. This occurs because your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it makes for the body. Insulin is a hormone that moves sugar from your blood to your cells for energy storage. If it malfunctions, you may have diabetes.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the prevalence of diabetes in Nigeria to be 4.3%, and the prevalence is largely attributed to the lifestyle changes caused by urbanisation and excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks, lack of exercise, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol.
Every 14th of November is World Diabetes Day (WDD), created in 1991 by IDF and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat of diabetes.
World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006 with the passage of United Nations Resolution 61/225. It is marked on the same day as the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922
1. There are four types of diabetes:
a. Type-1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body doesn’t produce insulin.
b. Type-2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin.
c. Type 1.5 diabetes, also known as latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA), occurs during adulthood and sets in gradually like type 2 diabetes.
d. Gestational diabetes occurs only in women during pregnancy and goes away after the baby is born.
2. Over 420 million people in the world have some form of diabetes, with type 2 being the most common. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
3. Diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes, is a leading cause of death in the world. According to WHO, in 2019, diabetes and kidney disease caused an estimated 2 million deaths globally.
4. Type 2 diabetes occurs in older people, age 35 and above, while type 1 occurs in young people.
5. Women who have gestational diabetes are more at risk for Type 2 diabetes after they give birth.
6. Type 1.5 diabetes, LADA, cannot be treated by diet or lifestyle: Because it is genetic, it may be impossible to prevent the development of this diabetes type. However, medications and insulin injections can make it manageable.
7. Sugar is not the primary cause of Diabetes: While eating too much sugar may increase your chances of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, it is not the primary cause of diabetes.
8. A diabetic patient will lose weight rapidly instead of being obese.
9. Diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed: With diet, physical activity, medication, regular screening and treatment for complications, it is possible to live long and healthy with diabetes.
10. Diabetes, if left untreated, can cause blindness, delay in wound healing, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.